10 interesting facts about water that you should know – infographic

By | February 24, 2014

Water is of the utmost importance, it must be consumed daily in order to survive. Even though most of us have gotten so used to it and don’t really bother giving it a second thought we should always keep in mind that we are over 70% water and we should always protect it.

Here are 10 interesting facts that you probably didn’t know about your everyday water, in an infographic format that will help you remember it easier!

 

10 interesting facts about water that you should know

10 interesting facts about water that you should know

 

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Here’s a transcript of the infographic in case anyone needs the data.

Title : 10 Interesting Facts about water that you should know

Content :

  1. Roughly 70 percent of an adult’s body is made up of water. So if all the water in you would gather together you would be like this
  2. Even better, when you are born water accounts for approximately 80 percent of an infant’s body weight.
  3. Somewhere between 70 and 75 percent of the earth’s surface is covered with water. Imagine how the Earth would look if there was more land.
  4. By the time a person feels thirsty, his or her body has lost over 1 percent of its total water amount. So, you should drink some water from time to time,  before you get thirsty
  5. Water dissolves more substances than any other liquid. Wherever it travels, water carries chemicals, minerals, and nutrients with it.
  6. Drinking too much water too quickly can lead to water intoxication. Water intoxication occurs when water dilutes the sodium level in the bloodstream and causes an imbalance of water in the brain.
  7. Soft drinks, coffee, and tea, while made up almost entirely of water, also contain caffeine. Caffeine can act as a mild diuretic, preventing water from travelling to necessary locations in the body. So drinking them won’t really hidrate you that good
  8. The United States uses nearly 80 percent of its water for irrigation and thermoelectric power. That’s quite a lot, right?
  9. The weight a person loses directly after intense physical activity is weight from water, not fat. That is due to a lot of sweating and dehydration .
  10. The earth is a closed system, similar to a terrarium, meaning that it rarely loses or gains extra matter. The same water that existed on the earth millions of years ago is still present today.

And now a little more about the Water: importance and its role in the human body

Yes, I know this site is about inflatable water slides but there are things that every human being on the planet should know, and water is one of those things. You should not be ignorant about the things that we use every day and the more you know about water the healthier you will be. So read on and learn more interesting facts about the live giving liquid that we all use, I have made quite an extensive research on it just for you 😉

Water is needed for every function of the human body and must be consumed daily to be healthy. The water content in the human body is about 70 %, it’s percentage in certain organs is like this:

  • blood – 83 %
  • muscle – 75 %
  • brain -83 %
  • lungs – 86 %
  • kidney – 83 %
  • eye – 95 %

Water is necessary for digestion, nutrient absorption, circulation, lubrication and elimination. Water is the washing and cleaning agent of the body. It facilitates the transport of toxins from cells and tissues and ultimate elimination via the kidneys and sweat. As a major component of blood plasma, water is needed to transport nutrients to every cell in the body.

If the body is dehydrated, water will be taken from less vital places and given to critical areas such as cardiovascular system, nervous system and muscular system. Drinking insufficient amounts of water will lead to chronic dehydration, affecting the pH of the body and causing serious health problems.

How much water should you drink?

Consuming enough water every day is not only essential for life, is also a requirement for maintaining optimal health. When we consider the amount of water needed for daily consumption we should not include liquids such as coffee, tea, juices, alcohol, soups, carbonated water. Those liquids ultimately dehydrates the body and causes a loss of body water reserves. The amount of water that each person should consume depends on your body weight, climate, activity, diet and health. A good rule is to drink 2 to 2.5 litres (67 – 85 ounces) per day. According to the recommendations of Mrs. Dr. Sue Pollock, PGD.Nutr. D.Ay.M we should consume 1 litre (33 ounces) of water per 25 kg ( 55 pounds) body weight, that quantity doubles in cases of illness. It is healthy to start the day by drinking a glass of water to wash our digestive tract with and rehydrate our body after a night’s rest.

To determine if a liquid is alkaline or acidic we must determine the pH of that liquid. pH is a chemistry term meaning ” power of hydrogen ” and represents the negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration :

pH = 1/log [ H + ] = – log [ H + ]

When you calculate the pH of a liquid you actually measure the number of hydroxyl ions ( OH – ) that are negative and generates alkalinity in opposition to the number of hydrogen ions (H + ) that are positive and generates acid.

On a pH scale that starts from 0 ( maximum acidity) and ends with 14 ( maximum alkalinity ), a solution is neutral if it has a pH of 7. At pH 7, water contains equal ions of H + and OH-. Substances with a pH less than 7 are acidic because they contain a higher concentration of H + ions. Substances with a pH higher than 7 are alkaline because they contain a higher concentration of OH- ions than H +. The pH scale is logarithmic so that changing the pH by one unit means changing the concentration of H + ions tenfold.

PH values ​​for some fluids in the body:

  • blood from 7.35 to 7.45;
  • pancreatic juices from 7.5 to 7.8;
  • saliva from 6.4 to 7.5;
  • sweat from 4.5 to 4.8;
  • urine from 5.5 to 6.2;
  • biliary secretion from 7.5 to 8.8;
  • gastric juices of the stomach 1.5 – 2.5.

The human body has a complex system for maintaining the balance between acid and base. The lungs remove carbon dioxide (CO2 ) that is in excess. When dissolved, CO2 forms carbonic acid. Kidneys remove acids in the urine. Blood also has a complex system for maintaining pH at around 7.35. This system is so complex and needs to be extremely well balanced, just think about it, if the blood pH ever reaches 6.95 the body enters a coma and could die.

When the body is unable to maintain a balance of pH it becomes too acidic. Acids accumulate in the body and because it doesn’t know what to do with them it does the only thing that is at hand, it stores them within the body causing disease.

It is also possible that the body becomes too alkaline, which is quite rare but just for the sake of knowledge, it can happen. Our environment, improper diet, pollution, stress, lead us to acidosis which is one of the factors that maintain the optimal conditions for developing many diseases: gout, heartburn, muscle pain, gastritis, osteoporosis, skin diseases, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, kidney stones, heart disease, cancer. A body found in acidic condition gets sick easier and ages faster.

Some symptoms of acidosis include: lack of energy, constipation, digestive problems such as indigestion and flatulence, gout, joint pain, allergies, hypertension, rash, weight gain, weakening of the immune system.

Causes leading to acidosis are: improper diet, insufficient water intake, stress, sedentary. ( How many of these can you avoid? How hard would it be to : eat better, drink more water, do a litte more exercise? You think it would be worth it to have a better life? )

Eating things that are acidic is the main cause of acidosis triggering in the body. Certain foods such as meat, dairy products, fried foods, canned foods or wrong combination thereof (such as meat + potato + cheese bread, etc. ) help create the conditions for acidosis. Liquids such as coffee, alcohol or fizzy drinks also creates acidity in the body. According to experiments made ​​by Sang Whang, author of “Reversing the aging process” to neutralize the effect of a single glass of cola (pH 2.5 ) 32 glasses of plain water are required ( measurement was made with tap water in Florida ). The same effect can be obtained with a glass of ionized alkaline water with a pH of 11.5.

Not drinking enough water is another cause of acidosis because water is needed to wash the acid wastes in the body.

Stress, both the mental and the physical, lead to acidosis. When under stress, the body systems produce acids as a natural reaction. Adrenal glands increase the secretion of stress hormones (cortisol and adrenaline) which results in speeding up the metabolism and increasing the acid levels in the body.

Physical inactivity also contributes to the accumulation of acids in the body. When we exercise, the body is stimulated to burn fatty acids, increases blood circulation and eliminates acid wastes. On the other hand, excessive exercise may result in increasing levels of lactic acid in the muscles. So don’t over-do it, be moderate in everything you do and you will be fine.

So, after learning all of the above, what exactly can you do to change your life around and become e healthier and happier you? It’s quite simple, start with the easy ones and go from there :

  • Eat alkaline foods such as fresh vegetables, lettuce; fruits like bananas, melons and reduce acidic foods;
  • Reduce stress as much as possible – see what is it that makes you stressed during the day and think about how you can reduce or remove it altogether;
  • Do moderate exercise that develop your aerobic system, you don’t have to overdo it or go to a gym everyday, but you do have to move a little, go jogging in the park, do morning wake-up exercises, just find something that you like and you think you’ll be able to keep doing.
  • The amount and type of water consumed can greatly help to eliminate acidosis – so drink enough water throughout the day at regular intervals and try to drink good quality water as much as possible.

Here’s to your healthy and fun life 😉

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